In 2010, the Upper San Marcos River was cited on Texas Commission on Environmental Quality’s 303(d) list of impaired waterways, for exceeding total dissolved solids (TDS) water quality standards. The River is currently in compliance with the Clean Water Act Standards, but several pollutants have been identified as a concern.
The San Marcos Watershed Initiative (SMWI) began in 2012 as a multi-year process of research and information gathering with the end goal of implementing a community approved and federally accepted Watershed Protection Plan for the Upper San Marcos River. The Meadows Center for Water and the Environment and SMWI Stakeholders collected relevant data, identified potential sources of non-point source pollution and modeled water quality for existing and predicted future land use conditions. Because the Upper San Marcos River is spring fed and previously had exceptional water quality, stakeholders identified target levels that are more stringent than state standards and screening levels to protect the river.
Using this information, best management practices (BMPs) were selected to be implemented over time to preserve water quality throughout the watershed, including:
- Structural BMPs for new development and retrofits for existing development
- Demonstration projects to encourage water quality protection practices
- Education and Outreach Strategies
- Non Structural Management Measures including land management and preservation of undeveloped land
- Enhancement and support for codes & regulations impacting water quality
- Information gathering and monitoring to address data gaps
Efforts resulted in a comprehensive, voluntary and stakeholder-driven plan to manage surface water resources in the Upper San Marcos River watershed. The WPP addresses Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), E. coli, nutrients, sediment (TSS) and other pollutants associated with future growth and development and is expected to be accepted by TCEQ and US EPA in the Spring of 2017.